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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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" The policy of the United States Government regarding Poland outlined
above, has as its objective the attainment of the announced basic principles
of United States foreign policy."

This general Statement meant,, in effect,, that the United States Govern-
ment would continue to refrain from taking part in any active efforts to
bring about a solution of the Russo-Polish crisis. Only if confronted
with no other possibility would it decide to move ... an event which was
to shortly come about.

<c Don't Let Us Be Finally Exterminated."
(The Polish Underground Radio Station's appeal to the peoples
of the world.)
The failure of the statesmen of Downing Street to extract the consent
of the Polish Government to the demands of Moscow resulted in the
Kremlin again taking the initiative into its own hands. Following
Churchill's speech of I5th December and the subsequent statement of
Stettinius, Moscow considered that " the stock of the Polish Government
had fallen extremely low/' and the moment opportune to promote its
c Lublin Committee.' The Russian Press5 according to the usual Soviet
technique, reported " declarations of Trade Unions and all political
parties, and numerous mass meetings " had been held (during the severe
winter by starving people) in that part of Poland occupied by the Red
Ariny (i.e0 where all rights of citizens., including mass meetings, had been
banned), demanding that the Committee cc should assume governmental
authority." These reports were published under the title of " the will of
the Polish People." And, on 3ist December, the Soviet National Council
unanimously passed a e law' calling into being a * Polish Provisional
Government' from the Committee of National Liberation (Lublin
Committee). At the same time, the Chairman of the c Council' was
assigned the title ofcc President of the Republic by acclamation."
Moscow informed London and Washington forthwith that she would
not delay the official recognition of this ' Government/ London, how-
ever, requested the Soviet Government not to take any final step until
the expected meeting of the Big Three had taken place. But Moscow
determined to put the affair beyond any possibility of discussion at that
meeting, hastened to give its recognition, informing London and Wash-
ington of its intentions to do so only on the eve of the event.*
This time the Kremlin had openly thrown down the challenge, it had
formed this puppet exclusively from Communists and shadow figures
unknown to the Polish public. Not one member of Moscow's * Union
of Polish Patriots * now appeared in this e Government," they had carried
out their allotted task andódisappeared. Wasilewsfca^ the first among
* Sunday Dispatch, January 7, 1945.